Drugs Harmful Effects on the Body Show Dangerous Results


Drugs Harmful Effects on the Body Show Just How Dangerous Drugs Are

By now, we all know drugs are bad for you. With social media, the news, and many other sources, we are constantly being bombarded with the drug overdose of a celebrity or a drunk driving accident that killed 10 people. It seems we cannot go a day without some tragic event dealing with drugs happening. We hear about the sudden and tragic deaths of what drugs can do, but what about the long term effects of these drugs. Drugs harmful effects are not always quick. Some people live with these harmful effects for a long time before they die. Let’s take a closer look at the long term effects these drugs have on users.

Drugs Harmful Effects Using AlcoholAlcohol is a depressant that alters perceptions, emotions, and senses. Alcohol is known as the most popular drug to cause death. Meaning, alcohol kills the most people out of any other drug on the market. Is this because alcohol is readily available to people over the age of 21? Would there be as many deaths if alcohol was illegal of all ages? The CDC reports that over 88,000 people in the United States die from an alcohol related incident each year. 2.5 million people die worldwide each year due to alcohol related accidents. Short term risks include injuries due to car accidents, falls, drownings, and burns. Other effects include violent behavior, including homicide, suicide, and sexual abuse, even rape. Another common effect, usually among young individuals is alcohol poisoning, which can lead to death if not treated promptly. Long term effects of alcohol include risky sexual behavior that can lead to contracting sexually transmitted diseases or unwanted pregnancies. Another effect for women is having a miscarriage or fetal alcohol spectrum disorders for their unborn children.

As time wears on, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases. High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems are among the top harmful effects alcohol has on the body. This also goes along with cancer. Alcohol can cause breast cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, as well as, cancer of the mouth, throat, and esophagus. Other effects that might not be apparent at first include learning and memory problems, like dementia. Other mental health problems include depression and anxiety.

Drugs Harmful Effects Using Cocaine and CrackCocaine is a white powder made from the dried leaves of the coca plant. Crack, named for its crackle is made from cocaine. It looks like white or tan pellets. These are both dangerous stimulants that make the user feel powerful and energetic. This drug is so powerful that it can cause someone to drop dead of a heart attack, even on their first use of the drug. Cocaine gives such a powerful high, that when you lose that feeling is causes an automatic depression, which leaves you wanting more of the drug. This is why it is called a crash when you come down from the feeling that cocaine gives you. Another dangerous effect is the fact that the high only lasts around 15 to 30 minutes, which leads to people using a large amount of the drug. Short term effects include loss of appetite, increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, disturbed sleep patterns, nausea, violent behavior that can lead to homicide or suicide if the user cannot get their fix of the drug, and hallucinations. These hallucinations can create the illusion that bugs are burrowing under the user’s skin. This leads to the user picking or cutting at their skin, which can cause infections or even death. Panic and psychosis can also occur when using cocaine, along with convulsions and seizures. As if these effects were not bad enough, the long term effects are worse.

These effects include permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain. High blood pressure due to the use of this drug can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and death. Cocaine also causes liver, kidney, and lung damage. If the drug is snorted, it can cause destruction of tissues in nose. It may even cause a hole in the inside lining of the user’s nose. If the drug is injected, sharing needles can lead to transmittable diseases including HIV. Cocaine also causes severe tooth decay. You may wonder why? Cocaine causes involuntary tooth grinding, which can deteriorate tooth enamel and lead to gingivitis. Additionally, it can cause dehydration and dry mouth, which also causes tooth decay. Malnutrition and extreme weight loss are also effects, because the user is thinking only about getting their next fix, not about proper nutrition. Disorientation, apathy, confused exhaustion, and delirium are also effects of using cocaine. Recently, sites have been releasing before and after pictures of cocaine users and the pictures are shocking. If this does not scare someone out of using cocaine, I don’t know what will.

Drugs Harmful Effects Using HeroinHeroin is an opioid drug that is synthesized from morphine. Heroin is a extracted from the seed pod of the opium poppy plant. This harmful drug usually appears as a white or brown powder or as a black sticky substance. It can be injected, smoked, or snorted. Either way it is delivered, it quickly travels to the brain. Once it enters the brain, the drug is converted back into morphine and attaches itself to the opioid receptors. Opioid receptors are also located in the brain stem. In the brain stem these receptors control automatic processes, like blood pressure, arousal, and respiration. Short term effects include a rush sensation, slowed breathing, clouded mentally, nausea, drowsiness, hypothermia, coma, or death.

Long term effects include injections can cause collapsed veins and infections of the blood vessels and heart valves, tuberculosis can result from the poor condition and treatment of the body, and bad teeth for the same reason as cocaine users. Along with bad teeth, inflammation of the gums also occurs. Constipation, cold sweats, itching, respiratory illnesses, and muscular weakness along with partial paralysis are also common side effects of heroin. Another effect that most people would not think of is sexual problems including, reduced sexual capacity and long-term impotence among males, menstrual disturbance in females, and the inability to achieve orgasms in both females and males. Loss of memory and intellectual performance, introversion, depression, pustules on the face, loss of appetite, and insomnia are also effects of long term heroin use.

These are just a few drugs and their effects, but with the list of harmful effects like these, Why risk it?http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/cocaine/effects-of-cocaine.html http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/heroin/long-term-effects.html

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